What are Professional Bodies and what is their significance
The professional is a worker too, in a sense like any other worker, albeit a high skilled worker.
What marks the difference between a high skilled and a low skilled is that - a high skilled worker acquires his craft not-naturally, but by immense training and learning process. A low-skilled worker is someone whose skills are abundantly available free in nature, and are such as to come to him intuitively ,without any great efforts.
There is the question which leads us to understand the significance of a professional body ( an association, a guild, an Institute, or a livery company) . A professional body exist in various forms, depending on the scale and the associated negotiation clout it may hold.
The primary function that a professional body perform is to set the standards of wages, which it judges usually to be above the low-skilled person wages.
The strength is derived from the length, breadth and depth of its knowledge in the professional and every aspect that touches it. The length refers to the knowledge from within the profession. The breadth refers to the comparitive knowledge from other professions. And the depth, ofcourse,is the knowledge of the intracies.
By having within its membership,a very large count of persons exercising the profession and at the same time have parallel or extended interests in other fields.
To do a calculation for what should be the fair wages, it needs to set the standards for fulfillment of various tasks entailed in the profession. Once that is done, it sets standards for the time and learning standards which must be met in order to acquire the skills. Corresponding to this, the wages are judged at the rates obtained from with the help of rate charts of foundational goods and service built collectively by their respective controllers.
The method is simply of apportionment of the cost at various stages.
The PB does so by monopolosing, ( for example, exclusive rights by the Royal Charter given by the monarch of England) the role of the standard settings agency.
No. Because a PB declares merely the standards. It is not a trade union or a labout union which is negotiating with various employers the wages and other standards. The fair wages are not same as the market wages. Market wages are fair wages further with the market demand and supply factors. The PB announces the optimal count of the professional persons required in the industry at any time.
The PB is NOT A POLITICAL outfit which is trying to achieve its ends by gaining power, through political justice.
PB declares the standards after thorough research and academic pursuits. That is to say, the standards are representing the RIGHTEOUS CHOICES and not the POPULIST CHOICES.
A PB is not at all a Labour union. The professionals are supposed to be hired, not employed by an employer. Therefore there is no collective bargaining done by professionals, the ordinary workers do the Collective bargaining.A professional receives "a fee" for his services, not "wages". And the "fee" is in accordance with the standard rates set by his PB.
It's pursuits are purely academic. And therefore, the foremost thing it has to avoid is the arbitrariness and discretion. All its action and choices and rules have to be REASONABLE. The standards of a good, consensus forming REASON is its OBJECTIVITY, and not Subjectivity. Objectivity means those measurable by some physical means, or perceivable by human sensual organs, not to his beliefs.