Joining merchant navy profession with the emotional attributes of joining services to his country !
Word 'Service' has different meanings in different context. In the broadest of meanings of 'Service or Profession', everything that a person does is , in a way, a service to his society. 'Profession or service' (used alternately) refers to any job outside of the two most commonest method of earning food seen in nature - Hunting and Agriculture. In this very broad meaning, All people who are not a Hunter or an Agriculturist (A farmer) are a 'Professional or service' class of human.
But when it comes to Economics of modern times as the context, a person can be 'dealing in certain goods' , or he could be 'dealing in services'. Thus, for an example, a person can be selling wheat, rice, grains, general provisions, cars, vehicles. These are 'goods', and he would call himself a 'businessman'. Another person could be doing occupation of plumbing, masonry, carpenter, doctor, nurse, engineer. he would call himself a 'in service/profession'. (implying, he is not a businessman).
In Economics, the balances of Trade are affected by either 'goods', or 'by services'. India has a large 'service sector' whereby it means that India has large human resources, working outside of Business and agriculture (the farming), which make a significant contribution to the 'balance of trade' of our country.
In government context, 'services' refers to those jobs where a person is in direct employment of a government organisation, thereby giving his 'services' to the general public and the government. His salary is derived from the taxpayers . He is assured of a payment by the Government, and he is guaranteed of certain privileges, certain Honors and Medals for giving 'services'. Examples of 'services' in context of Government organisation are : Civil Services, Military servicess, the Office Staffs, The politicians, and all that.
'Profession or service' (used alternately) refers to any job outside of the two most commonest method of earning food seen in nature - Hunting and Agriculture. In this very broad meaning, All people who are not a Hunter or an Agriculturist (A farmer) are a 'Professional or service' class of human. But with respect to a government organisation, a 'Profession' is those jobs which are meant to earn food(by way of earning Money), by selling 'one's superior skills in certain field'. Thus, for example, Doctors, Medicine, Merchant Navy, lawyers, plumber, carpenter, masonry, - are all 'professions', in contrast to 'services'.
The above difference is important to be understood when it comes to understanding how the Tax Laws have been framed different for the 'services' people and the 'professionals'.
It is important to note that certain times an occupation could be a 'service' or a 'profession' just by a small change in the nature of the organisation the person is attached to. Thus, a doctor working in a private hospital is a 'professional' , where another doctor in a Government run hospital is in 'services' . You can notice that doctors of private hospital are paid more money, but at the risk of losing jobs any time , say if the hospital runs into financial crisis. He can refuse to not to work in hard , rural areas. He will demand excessive money and might give treatment only to rich people who can pay him well. A doctor in a Government hospital has not so many privileges , for he is almost duty-bound to give his 'services' to all the citizens of the country- rich or poor, and at the fixed rate declared by the government. He earns less money, but his salaries are guaranteed. He cannot be expelled from his job, no matter the hospital is earning good or not. His salaries can be paid by the Government from their ex-chequer.
The consumer protection laws and the labour laws also vary slightly in regard to 'Services' and 'Profession'. A Government doctor cannot be easily prosecuted for a negligence, whereas a private doctor in a private hospital can be. A 'services' doctor cannot reject a duty , and cannot demand salaries equivalent to a 'professional' doctor, through the labour laws negotiations. He can however go on a strike in a collective bargaining action. 'Professional' doctors are employed 'on contract' or 'articles of agreement'- hired. They cannot go on strike, as a logical consequence. The payment of a professional doctor is a factor of market demand and supply; and of the monetary value of the skills he possesses. A 'service' doctor is employed by the Government, and therefore is 'in services'.
Labour laws grant for different types of labour exploitation protections to a 'professional' , and different ones to 'services'.
This understanding of the differences between Services and Profession, is also essential so to correctly apply the *emotional attributes* by our young friends coming from a school or a college, when they are on crossroads to choose a career. It is common to see that young people are mistakenly bearing the dedication, heart and a burning desire to join a 'profession', as if they are wanting to join a 'services to their country.'
Young people offering to compromise on salaries, or the rest-hours in order to join a 'profession', is a juxtaposition of a 'services' emotional attributes at a wrong place. In a way, this behavior is a direct statement to offer violating the Government Laws in regard to Labour Exploitation Protection. Employment scarcity often causes young candidates to show extreme dedication towards their potential 'employer'. Hence they make the offer , thinking that they are only being sincere , and dedicating to join the 'services' (which is correctly to called a 'profession'). But from the Labour Laws point of view, these people have offered themselves to be exploited, and also put a risk on the Government body on how to stop such exploitation. Often times when young candidates making such offers are holding a high qualified 'professional' degrees, the Government officials will be in a bigger trouble to figure out how to prevent a possible exploitation of an educated, high qualified , person who is himself willing to be exploited !