Saturday, March 31, 2012

THE IMPORTANCE OF RANK STRUCTURE IN THE NAVY

A Copy-Paste work from Blog of Russ Springfield
http://www.writing.com/main/view_item/item_id/916216-The-Importance-of-Rank-Structure
Russ Springfield

This is an essay I had to write after disagreeing with a chief in the Navy. After serving faithfully for 17 years I am reduced to the same level as a middle school student and made to write a 1000 word essay. The topic was given to me and I put a spin on it that made the 'powers that be' a little angry when they read it. I am sure this will not settle well with all that read it, but it is an opinion. I only put it on here because it was recently published, although only as a 'letter to the editor.' It is the first time I was published. The only downside I saw to getting published was: 1) I could not use my real name as then I would have been in trouble with the Navy; and 2) It was on the page opposite an article about cat food conspiracy. But it did get in print!

THE IMPORTANCE OF RANK STRUCTURE IN THE NAVY

Rank structure has been used since the beginning of history. Someone had to be in charge. From the ancient tribal chieftain to the modern day President, there has always been someone in charge. In most capitalistic communities this person in charge is chosen by the people below them. However, in fascist, communist and dictatorships, the persons in charge are not selected by the people below them. The modern day military falls under the second example.

Rank structure, in the enlisted ranks, is determined by amount of time served, ability to conform to a superior’s agenda, knowledge of rating, and lastly leadership ability. Sadly, the criteria, in the order listed above, is the determining factors of where someone is in the rank structure in the modern day military.

The Basic Military Requirements manual states, “There are three elements that make an effective Navy leader:

1. Moral Principles
2. Personal Example
3. Administrative Ability

Moral Principles

Moral principles include honesty, integrity, and loyalty. These principles of human conduct provide direction, solidity, and consistency to leadership.

The key to leadership is the emphasis you place on personal moral responsibility. You show personal moral responsibility by being honest and loyal. Your shipmates see these traits as your moral character. And a strong moral character influences others in a positive manner.” (NAVEDTRA 12018, page 21-8)

“Loyalty, both up and down the chain of command, is essential to effective leadership.” (NAVEDTRA 12018, page 21-3) can be contrasted with the statement on the same page that is used, usually for personal gain. “Loyalty – Always be loyal to the personnel above you in the chain of command, whether or not you agree with them.” (NAVEDTRA 12018, page 21-3).

Personal Example

Leading by personal example goes along with moral responsibility. Effective leaders have many different leadership traits, such as know-how, sincerity, and courage. Which trait is most important is a matter of opinion. However, if you show weakness in any trait a worker thinks is important, you lose that person’s respect.

Respect isn’t automatically given to a leader because of authority. You have to earn respect and confidence of personnel working for you by setting a good example. Lead your workers, don’t drive them.” (NAVEDTRA 12018, pages 21-1 & 2).

Leadership is a long forgotten standard among the “powers that be.”

With these examples given from the Navy’s own Basic Military Requirements manual, I will now discuss the importance of rank structure in the Navy and the importance to obey that rank structure.

The structure of the Navy requires that the few “powers that be” must be able to control the many “non-powers that be.” The programming begins in boot camp when new inductees are brainwashed into believing that superiors are always right. This brainwashing continues through the career of the sailor until one day he has become brainwashed enough to become a “power that be” and wear the enlisted khaki uniform. It’s like MK-Ultra controlling the brain, suggestive thinking causing their perspective to change. (Immortal Technique) At this point the brainwashee becomes one of the brainwashers.

In order to turn subordinates into mindless machines that follow orders without regard to feasibility or rationality you must program them. In order to program them you use valid examples such as, “If a superior tells you to turn the ship then you turn it, you don’t ask questions. Otherwise you may run aground or collide with another vessel.” This example provides rationale for the order that was given.

The problem ensues when the “powers that be” start issuing orders that have no rationale behind them. The orders are given either because the subordinate is attempting or doing something that the superior does not agree with, or the order is given to incite anger in the subordinate. The subordinate is conditioned to say things such as, “Aye, aye, chief!” and to carry on smartly. This type of conditioning is eerily reminiscent to Nazi Germany’s “Heil Hitler!” and carrying on smartly when an order was given. If this type of conditioning does not work then the next step is taken, invoking fear in the subordinate. In modern times this is done by holding a threat over the subordinates head. Such examples include, but are not limited to; threatening to “write someone up”, take privileges of the subordinate away, or threats of Captain’s Mast or Court Martial. In earlier times it was a more immediate and extreme form such as; killing one of the subordinates peers to coerce him to do as “the powers that be” say, attacks on the persons family or possessions, or killing the person who did not agree with the “powers that be” or their agenda.

These styles of control have been used effectively many times in history. Without this type of control, the Iraqi’s would not have used mustard gas on thousands of their own people when Saddam Hussein ordered it. Without this type of control, Adolf Hitler and the Nazi SS would not have been able to get so many of the German soldiers to kill innocents with military actions that preceded the Second World War. Without this type of control, the slave traders of the 17 and 1800’s would not have been able to get so many African’s to get on their ship to be sent to the United States to become slaves. Without this type of control, the Roman Catholic Church would not have been able to have so many people killed or tortured throughout Europe during the Inquisition.

It is constantly preached to us that we should have a questioning attitude. However, in reality, if we have a questioning attitude we are suppressed, counseled, or reprimanded in some way. In some cases the person questioning the Nazi-like tactics is disposed of. (Guffey, page 227). Once you voice your opinion, and it disagrees with them, you open yourself up to being a target for the “powers that be.” Therefore, when the junior sailor, identified by the enlisted blue shirt he wears, is told to have a questioning attitude, it is not meant to be toward the superior sailors, those who wear the enlisted khaki uniform. It means to have a questioning attitude toward those equal or lower to you. How long before the orders go from illogical to irrational? How long before, “Don’t do this because the ‘powers that be’ don’t agree with it,” becomes, “Kill your own innocent people because they do not agree with the ‘powers that be’?”

In summary, it is important to have rank structure in the Navy in order for the sailors to know who are manipulating them and who they should be manipulating. It is important for the rank structure to be followed so that whenever the “powers that be” issue an order it is followed in a mindless manner without regard to rationality or any sort of questioning attitude. The superiors must make their subordinates conform until authority usually goes unchallenged, as the subordinates resolve has been usurped through subjective and command-oriented conditioning. (Patton). For without this type of control, the “powers that be” will lose the power that they feel they so rightly deserve.

rUSS SPRINGFIELD

Self-Realisation important before making others' evaluation report

The self-realisation on what is the fact we know and what is the belief we hold is very important in making a good decision, particularly when we are on the job of making an evaluation report of another person. Self-realisation is a psychological occurance which happens when a person is able to see himself from outside his own body. he can now differ his beliefs from his facts.
self-realisation is comparable to the observation standards of a navigator against those people who cannot read maps; most people see the world, the roads, the buildings and stars from inside their eyes as something pasted upward in the sky, but a navigator sees the map of the land, the position of land with respect to sea, and planet earth as a small dot in the vast universe even without ever going at higher altitude or in the outer space. Fact and Belief can exist together on the same phenomeon. Like, the Fact of 'corruption exist' , is different from the belief of 'corruption exist'. The fact-holder continues to remain objective and does not forget what is right and what is wrong.
(please note, an objective person is a person who attempts to remain unbaised and un-attached to any of the warring parties; Objective person does not mean someone who keeps *objecting* to everything.An objectivist is someone who searches for what is right in the given condition and confirms to that right, even if that means standing up against his own clan).
A believer of corruption begins to follow the practises which arise as a result of prevailing corruption.
In religion, self-realisation is what is described as the enlightment of Buddha, or the brahm- gyan of a Brahmin.

Friday, March 23, 2012

Technical Objectives while working as a Pilot:

Continuation from a previous blog


Technical Objectives while working as a Pilot: 
This topic throws light on liberties and assistance, "the privileges", a Pilot is logically entitled to in order to conduct his duties. 

The task of a Pilot begins with embarking the ship he has been tasked to bring to berth. This is the first and a biggest challenging job ahead of a Pilot. The freeboard of ship, that is, the height of ship's first continuous deck above water, is difficult to climb. The pilot ladders are piece of free suspending steps resting against a flat ship side. A good portion of weight of human body is borne by the arms of the climber. The legs need to be straightened. And a co-ordination has to be maintained between arms and legs so that one does not end up openings both his palms in the same movement. The shift of arm and leg is diagonally paired.
   A Pilot is privileged to climb not more than 9 meters. Considering the number of ships he has to climb each day, and in different environment conditions such as daylight hours, night hours, bad weather conditions, they all have potential to affect a Pilot's physical capacity. The job of ladder climbing bears some actual mortal risks.  This job is often conducted when both, the Pilot vessel and the climbing ship are in motion; their propellers are running. The condition of maintenance of a ship and the limiting conditions on board ship can make the ladder faulty without anyone noticing the defect. Although pilot ladder is treated as a very special item of survey under all the international regulations for the above reasons, there is nothing which can gurantee the safety construction of the ladder. Accidents on the ladder still remain large in count.
  Then, the ship's own machinery, it's responses, the power of engines, the designed strength of machinery with respect to her size and load she is carrying, they each vary with each ship thereof increasing the challenge before the pilot. Pilot needs to adjust his prudence time-duration to operate each ship. In practise however, ships of a given type have same set characteristics homogeneously in its type-group. Pilot should have his initial training on each of this type-group. The use of tugs, the available pulling power( the Bollard Power) are another characteristics which a pilot depends on heavily. In a fantasy world, the operations a pilot does with the ship and tug boats, is like dancing on a revolving floor while also challenged to keep ship's body balance and position with respect to a ground audience. The water current and tides make for the revolving dance floor.
Pilots also have to ensure the time management for the ship's transit through the shallow waters so that ship may reach her berth safely with maximum cargo permissible she can carry under best tidal conditions. This implies working under the high tide conditions but so as to ensure that tidal current help the ship to her best locations, not into danger areas. Engine responses are always better in the forward directions than the stern side due to the hull design. Therefore the tide current should be from the head of the vessel when the vessel is slow- speed so that the ship may counter back the effect of tide if tide is pushing her into dangers. That means that a ship should always be facing into the tide when she is just about to come to her berth. that will mean that a ship may have to be turned around in her heading directions before reaching the berth so that she may fight with the tide current more comfortably with the help of her engines. The challenge applies also when the ship is casting off.
 During all these the propellers have be kept clear of mooring ropes, and the tension on the mooring ropes/wires which connect a ship to her assisting tugs have be borne in mind, too. The maintenance of mooring ropes vary from ship to ship, and a very commonly known to break out. Pilots are required to plan the operations so that pulling by tugs is not used so much, and neither so urgently to ask for a heavy pull by the tug to bring the ship back to safety.
 Ship's operations, cargo on board, make a rare-occasion but often a critical impact on pilotage work. Sometimes the pilots are expected to operate the ship while the crane , the cargo hatch cover, and ship's preparedness for sea voyage is not completed. Accidents commonly happen when a ship has delayed such as to miss the pilots by whiskers in the given tidal time-slot. In order to make , the ship staff attempts to sail her out when she is still not prepared for the sea voyage, which included settling the cranes, closing the scuppers, cleaning away the deck, cargo stripping completes, paper works and documentation completed, hydraulics tried and tested. Pilots are often put into the position of doing fire fighting, then. The ship staff is not well rested, and the master secretly accounts for pilot as his navigation team member while the staff is not rested 'fit' enough to do their navigational duties. Ships have been reported, very commonly, to have suffered explosion, fire, or collision just when pilotage operation was about to start, had started, or the pilot about to be dis-embarked.

Thursday, March 22, 2012

What is a marine Pilotage job ?

The job of a marine pilot emerges from not much olden days of sea faring. Ships which would sail long voyages at sea would often come to suffer wreckage just when the land had been sighted and the ships in a position about to be reaching home. It is in those times that a feeling prevailed of the increased risk to ships when making a land-fall. That is how the job of marine pilotage came into existence. Even now when we look at a marine chart we can clearly notice the abundance of wreck sites but along or near the coast. The job of a pilot therefore entailed to safely navigate a ship into the harbour while the ship has arrived to the coast after a long sea voyage. Over the years, the pilotage job modified to contain up the task of main communication link between the ship crew of one linguistic set up , and the shore crew on the assisting tug boats, the moorings crew, and the VTMS, who all are of an other linguistic set-up.
The pilot required the knowledge of local weather, tides, current flows, depth of waters, and the sea routes to the ship safely to her berth. Although the new modern technology has come around to provide widely to everyone and that too very precisely through the on board charts and publications , the knowledge of sea routes inside the harbour, the tidal data and the current data, - the communication task is still much dependent on the pilots. English language , even as a lingua franca, leaves some gaps between two people when some long-speech concepts have to be transmitted.
The use of navigational aids while the ship is at sea causes the ship crew to become habitual of working with the help of instruments. This angle opens another reason for why a pilot becomes necessary for a modern and sophisticated ship when making a land fall. A pilot is expected to be able to navigate a ship around even with abundant failure in her navigational instruments. This, however, does not apply to the engine machinery- the steering gear, the anchors and the power on main engines. Pilotage is not wonder machines, and thus as a minimal, require these machinery at their disposal for a safe and smooth delivery of their task.
 Overtime, as the ship design progressed and the economic conditions of the world transportation made indentations into ship design, the ship's hull grew bigger and larger while the engine and steering powers remained same to cut on the cargo transportation cost. This savings ofcourse involved considerations of a compulsory pilotage which such design ships would require when coming to land. As the traffic congestion inside the harbour increased the pilotage job become even more necessary to help large ships pass by each other in the narrow channel space made available to all of them. The narrow channel occurred both for the need of increasing the number of ships inside the harbour and the volume of cargo on a single ship being brought inside the harbour. The large volume ships are deep-drafted and thus more prone to running aground. The channel space required for their operations is often very minimal inside most of the harbours in the world.
 The count of ships caused the harbour space to become crowded whereas the deep-draft caused the availability of safe water curtailed to only a specific route.
These two limiting conditions, then, led to the emergence of the VTMS services where a shore-based monitor would be able to provide an assistance to the ships crew and the pilots on them, an information on ship's position of it's own and of other ships around in the harbour. Such information are vital when a ship has too many limiting parameters owing to her draft, and poor manouvreablity, so that the ship keeps herself inside safe channels and to arrange, prudently in advance, her route to help safe passing of another ship which also has the same limiting conditions.
 The relationship between a ship's master and the pilot, in history, also appears to be from the same story. It was a ship's quotation from a shore based mariner with good knowledge of local conditions, to come and help the ship reach into the harbours. The navigation charts and their updating services had not yet taken life in all parts and corners of the earth. The Masters required a pilot urgently and badly. The entire fruit of the long sea voyage couldget destroyed when the ship was just about to home in. Thus, a pilot was generously rewarded by a master for his great help. The traditions continue to this date, albeit in the form of corruption-demand by the pilot , of cigerrete packs, wine bottles or even the money.
 New age pilotage has taken lots of changes as the technology changed. Pilots nowadays board far away from land , for deeper ships carrying dangerous cargoes, to take control well before the ship comes into the waters which can be termed dangerous appropriate for the size of the ship. Bad weather conditions, strong tidal flows, inability to control the steering of a ship when she is slow speed, these all contribute towards the demand for a helicopters-based pilotage services.
 The new age pilotage is far walked job from its archaic forefathers. It is nowadays a compulsory requirement for ships in all ports globally, and a means of giving employment to ship Masters who desire to become settled on shores. The charterers avail of the pilots to keep the ships safe when the ship captain is newly promoted or over occupied in other jobs such as cargo operations, communications with business people, just while the ship is reaching to shore. Pilots unwittingly are a part of their ship's navigational team when the ship owners design the ship's manning team. Even when the role of Master and Pilot keeps the edge to the master, because the services have to be rendered to his satisfaction (because by origin pilotage was voluntary), the compulsory nature of pilotage in the harbours has caused the shipowners to take slight undue advantage of this fact, mostly by way of reducing the manning team, apparently by increase of work load, removal of radio officers, and even a saving of navigational charts and publications and the updation services as pilots are expected to be aware of it and possessing one of their own. the court verdicts, in the new conditions of pilotage as a compulsory service, are expected to hold the pilot also as a responsible person for ship's navigational blunders when inside the harbours.

Commodification is a conduct of Plebeianism

Commodification is a conduct of Plebeianism.
The intellectual puritans developed the concept of money as a store of value to help the trade which was cumbersome when it was by a barter system. The Plebeians commodified the money and acquired it in large amount, leaving all the values behind, even the basic human values.
The examination and marks were invented by the puritans to objectively select the wise and learned persons from the society. The Plebeians commodified the marks as the eligibility for wisdom and learning, no matter the candidate has it or not.  Marks slowly became the filters to disqualify the candidate, instead of selecting the learned wise candidates.
The puritans developed the concept of nation and nation-state for peaceful co-existence of people of similar ideology. the Plebeians commodified the concept of nations to create wars between them.
That is Plebeianism. When the rural mindset, an evolutionary primitive way of thinking, reaches the higher tables of thinking under the shield of freedom of citizens, equality before law, correcting the cultural bias, and development of land.

Wit and Humor was suppose to be the fair indicator of intellect and intelligence. Intelligence implies a quick evaluation, memory recall, and timely deliverance of a matter. Intellect implies a search for moral value and methods to improve systems to attain those values.
Wit and Humor are commodified today. We have the Laughter Champions Trophy these days. People are paid to bring laughter and people pay be bring in a laughter. Wit and humor is a plebeian's work. It is hard to differ whether the subject of laughter is itself funny or it is being made a fun of.
 The lessons from laughter are hardest to derive. The anthropologist say that laughter is a special gift to mankind. The probable cause why humans have a sense of laughter is because humans are also one of the few species to have a sense of death. Humans have a unique ability to be able to do imagination. Anthropologist conduct their study on the presence of imagination skills in a specie by putting it in front of a mirror. Only a few animals are able to identify there image in a mirror. They turn their back to check what's there when they see something in a mirror. the lessons are clear, that the animal has the gift of identifying the behaviour of light rays, that the image is a reflected ray of an incidental ray, which is coming from what is in front of the mirror.
Those animals, such as monkeys, dolphins, and humans, who can identify themselves are further reasoned to have ability to be able to imagine their own look. Eyes are not designed in any animal to see his own face. It is only via imagination that these creatures are able to make out about their own looks.  And only after they acquire this imagination skill , these animals are able to identify their own image in a mirror.
A powerful combination of imagination, memory and pattern-matching ability produces emotions in these animals.Intelligence also sprouts from the same abilities hidden inside the mind.
Humans reached to this stage of evolution because of their special ability of reasoning and intelligent deductions.  Wit and Humor, a derivation of the human's unique ability to smile, sprouts from the same fountain from where the intelligence emerges-- the emotional-ability of human. Wit and Humor is therefore suppose to be an indicator for man's intelligence too. But the 'Laughter's Champion's trophy' has commodified the wit and humor, where it is seriously blurred business of whether the observation is funnily intellectual or something which is making a fun of somebody or something.
Humans formed a very complicated system of social organisation to achieve the common goal of safety and security. the rules of this co-existence are based on principle of reciprocity. That what you get, you give to other. The intelligence of humans set the stage for the emergence of Intellectualism in them. Intelligence is about being quick to evaluate, to quickly recall from memory, and to analyse and deduce quickest possible. Intellectualism is about finding the values and the justice. That is Justice. the laws of justice are found thorough pursuit of certain values which everybody may find acceptance of, and which best settles the question of reciprocity, as an equal distribution to everyone.
Intellectualism is commodified, too, in the modern times. Intelligence denotes a possible presence of intellectualism, truely speaking. But since wit and humor are the indicators for Intelligence, the humorist have also started becoming the modern society's intellectuals !
Today's world has made a commodity of all those values which brought the civilization to this stage. Debates happen between people without, first, presenting their view point. the Seminars are about having a coffee or a beer and meeting the people. There are no seminary exchanges done. The philosophical pursuit has become a 'bol-bachan', a 'pravachan', which implies eating away someone's head through some weird obnoxious talks.

(Interesting note from the wikipedia: plebeians were forbidden to know any laws, but were still punished for breaking them. Despite these inequalities, plebeians still belonged to gentes, served in the army, but very rarely became military leaders. )

Thursday, March 01, 2012

Internet censorship in Indic Culture

Internet Censorship is not a happy news for the people of Indic culture. Internet censrship is a tool by the governments conspiring of taking over the regime permanently. Censorship started from the times of Egyptian Pharoes with the aim of removing the previous Pharoes from his throne even in his after life( that is, in his Pyramid after his death). The new victorious Pharoe would remove, etch out,and break all the memories of the previous Pharoe to ensure establishment of his reign against the old Pharoe both in this life and the after-life.Thus, Censorship, in my thinking, has come as a culture through the middle-eastern Abrahmic faiths. India, being an open faith cultre, had Kamsutra and Shiv lingam worship in their public behaviour and therefore never practised censorship. censorship genreally arrives around either of the three topics: those of sexuality, of religion and of politics. Since the Indic culture was open about sex, the first topic for censorship becomes irrelevant. Then, because there was no central book, central god, central belief, the religion-seeded censorship can also be ruled out in ancient India. The political censorhip is of more recent invention all over the world.

A debate and a dialectics between all the religions and other interest groups should be allowed in the modern free speech democracies so that a **cogent idea of justice** may continue to evolve itself on what is right and what is wrong and thereof a coherence may come around in the society. Censorship will cause shallow political debates between the people. Cogent Idea of Justice emerges when people engage in a debate. During a debate all sorts of thing come out,  "objectionble" and "objectionable", and for a very logic that the deciding principles for the "objectionable" and the "un objectionable" are itself obtained through debates between the people. Therefore censorship on Internet, which is the largest platform for debates to happen between people from all parts of the country and the world , will turn the debates one-sided by giving advantage to the one who is on the side of the subject-content which is "un objectionable" by some strange unknown standards to the topic of the debate. censorship cannot and should not be accepted where people are involved in debates because that (the public discussions) in itself is the process from where "the objectionable" and "the un-objectionable" keep waxxing in and then wanning out.