Tuesday, February 21, 2012

Mistaken themes in Cinema derived from the Problem of Education System in India

Mistaken themes in cinema derived from the problem of Education System in India 
 In cinema , many of the works such as '3 Idiots' and 'Admissions Open' have attempted to highlight the problem of education System in India. But they all seem to have faltered at the point that they have carried the message of "Liberation FROM education" instead of "Liberation THROUGH education". The immediate aim of human struggle for freedom in the west has been that of freedom from the Kings and Feudal System. However the citizens did not completely overthrow the monarch and neither the Feudals. Instead their power was curtailed by installing a new people's institution called the Parliament. The Feudals too were not completely deprived of their power but assigned to the House of Lords, in the upper house of the Parliament. The basic power abuse which the Feudals have always been held guilty of is the Coercion Power- that of demanding the respect from the subject instead of commanding it out of free will of the people. Arguably, the better commanding of the respect comes through the manifestation of Knowledge power. That maybe how the House of Lords slowly moved into becoming the learned people's centre as the high-learned people were knighted by the monarch. The education system should be aimed at demonstrating the power of learning and at achieving and sustaining this hard earned 'freedom' of mankind. The idea of learning as proposed from schools should be to bring emancipation of human society from remaining of the evils once the evil of Feudal system is taken off. Often times this liberation from Feudals system has been mis-spelled to be a complete breakdown of social institutions because people can dishonour the contracts made with each other via the previously existent Feudals. While the idea of freedom in totality, that is - freedom from boundations is not to be disagreed, the free-will contracts between people and the states becomes necessary for existence of all humans in the form of a society. A contract formed under free-will, distanced from coercion, should be honoured. And no contracts should attempt to put chains on basic existential needs of a human being. This concept builts up further to say that any government instituted law should not be violated by private mutual contract as the governmental laws indicate the will of people. In turn, the people should have the right to motivate the formation of government laws. Thus, the citizens enjoy a dual status of man-the contract party, and, man-the law maker. The later status, of man-the law maker, obviously comes out through the institution in law Court and justice delivery department. 
         The education system should attempt to bring the skill of viewing man his both the status- as the consumer of a product and as the maker of the product. He should also be able to see an event at two levels, as the victim of the system demanding his rights and also a policy-maker who is entrusted to ensure the creation and sustainability of the system. 
        In this direction, the desire to become a 'wild-life photographer being coerced from his childhood ignorance to become an engineer' does not fulfil the objective of man-the maker of a system. It projects only the case of man-the victim of the system. 
          It proposes the desire of a boy to become a wild-life photographer, but then it does not talk of the plight of other photographers and their economic conditions. It also does not discuss the causes of bad plight of a photographer in a society which is naturally a consumerist one, ready to buy in very high doses but only what it needs. A photographer cannot further blame the society for not buying his photographs and thereby not encouraging and respecting his profession. The responsibility towards all this defects return to the boy in his avtaar of 'man-the maker of the system' by arranging for the consumption of his photographs by man-the consumer. The education system cultivates us to grow-up only in the 'man-the consumer' avtaar. It does not accommodate and train us in the other avtaar of 'man-the policy maker'. The possible cause for this shortfall is the fear of education system to fall into conflicts with the existing policy-makers and amongst each other while in search of virtues which are essential for achieving consensus in their proposed policy matter. The education of natural sciences is consumed heavily for the material fulfillment of the society while arts has been consumerised through industries such as Advertisement and Cinema. The grudges of a wild-life photographer, then , is of the boy itself for he would have to find means and network with the consumers of his wild-life photographs, to truely fulfil his dreams through economic gains. 
       These cinema works are, then, not about showcasing the means for projecting the social usefulness of boy's ambitions, and, thus neither establishing the route for making economic harvest from it.The cinema end up being an economic harvest for the moviemakers on a public cause. 
        This problem of 'liberation THROUGH education' has a possible solution in bringing in the learning of liberal arts. The real task required to be done in amending the education system is of marking up the conjunction links of various vocational trainings and professional courses through learnings of liberal arts to yield a good finished product useful for the entire society.
       For example, wild life photographer needs to be told to link up with the students of botany and zoology to search for the behaviour or abilities of animals and that in turn may be utilized by the physicists to develop methods for long term survival of astronauts in outer space. The dreams of becoming a wild-life photographer can only then show is social usefulness and then reap some economic harvest and add monetary glamour to itself. 
      The basic idea is that learning should carry a refreshed course at various stages for the students to know what is learning, what are the challenges before the society and how the inter-linking of different disciplines can give a finished product which can become an answer to the societal problem. We like to call this a research which accidentally paints the picture of a psycho and madman working obsessively in lab coats in a laboratory.

Monday, February 20, 2012

A disintegrated society

Position of Science in Eastern Culture has continued to be how Science were perceived by the westerners in the early days of Industrial Revolution in England (16th Century). Science were seen as the killer of the religion and the religious values, as Science came to reveal certain phenomena of nature on the basis of reasoning which opposed the previously understood cause of them, mostly, “God’s Will”. Religious leaders suffered serious setbacks from this. And then came Charles Darwin, whose personal life, his relationship with his father, eventually lead him to rebel all out against everything, God and Religion, by proposing the ‘Theory of Evolution’. Evolution set the stage to say that life was not the gift of all bountiful, God, but a result of growth of single-cell creature into a complex life-form. Social and religious consequence of this teachings were that people stopped believing in God, and that brought the eventual downfall of Religion. People started to become free-thinkers, atheist, and so many other believers as it pleased to each of them. That strengthened the demand for introducing ‘Secularism’, a freedom from Religious Leaders which many people had been suffering from, mostly the oppressed ones.


But what also came alongside the fall of Religion bastion was the decline of Moral values, as the entire palace of morality and social living was until then founded on religion and the values derived from religious scriptures. The Theory of Evolution brought with it fall of value system in the west, and a total chaos and breakdown in the family and family ethos. There were the two world wars, and a rise in basal human words and actions in the public. Soon, it was realized that Religion gave not just a tight administrative control over the people, but also acted to give the schooling of basic values much needed for the peaceful co-existence of people as a Society. Overtime, as people started demanding Democracy, where a total liberation and freedom , including from the feudal lords and the religious lords, a transfer of all powers of the society into the hands of the citizen, the need for ‘Governments’ was felt in the field of public administration, and of spirituality as the primary need for well-ness of human brain. A healthy brain was essential for a good psychology and then for a good social co-existence of all people.

However, the need and purpose of Spirituality has only been realized conclusively only in the past few decades. In the mean time, it was the schooling in natural sciences which was going all the way in the modern education system. The term ‘Natural sciences’ refer to the compilation of human knowledge and understanding of the basic laws of nature, such as those of gravity, of magnetism, of physics, of life-form, of chemical compounds and chemical elements, etc.

Natural sciences became a reason for school curriculum because as man-‘the scholar’ began to use the knowledge obtained and recorded in these fields to alter the courses of nature to his own conveniences, a greater demand rose from Man-‘the consumer’ of it. Natural sciences were studied broadly under two categories: the pure sciences, such as Mathematics and Physics, and the Empirical Science, such as Biology and Chemistry. Empirical sciences were , as a matter of fact, a compilation of knowledge of behavior of life-forms and the chemical elements and compounds, as observed by various scientists.

The Problem of Education System is that, in the learning Pure Science (Mathematics and Physics), the student has to focus too hard to understand something which has no direct relation with what he sees in his environment, for example, the questions of Differentiation, Integration, Matrix, Complex Numbers, Magnetism, Electricity; and in Empirical Science, the co-relation of the Cause and the effect is missed out (“cause and effect’= Sun appearing to go around earth, while actually earth goes round the sun), the student repeatedly forgets that combination of atoms of Hydrogen and Oxygen combine to form water molecule or the hydrogen peroxide molecule not by reasons of what is given in their school text book, but because of natural causes the observations of which has been recorded in their textbooks. Thus, the students end up seeing chemistry and biology books as a compilation book of ‘exceptions to the rules’, the only solution to learning which is by way of mugging-up.

The problem of “Is shehar mein har shaqhs pareshaan sa hai”..

In both cases, learning of Pure Science and the Empirical Sciences, the introduction of man-child to rules of co-existence and good social existence was either skipped, or was assumed to be coming of its own. The learning in the field of imperfect sciences, like Economics, Psychology, and lastly in the field of Humanities: Arts, literature, history, politics, is left rudimentary as the monetary gains to ‘man-the consumer’ is far too less in studying them and thereafter making economic gains from it. The result is an overall decline in the intellect of human species by virtue of its own device when he created things like “money”, “nationalism”, “nation”, “examination and marks based learning”, “fashion" and popularism” out of his own intellect.

It was understood by the political philosophers of the freedom and democracy movement era of the west in 17th Century that as the political power, that is, a power to control people for a peaceful co-existence and social well-being of everyone, will transfer away to the people’s own hand under the demand for Democracy, the better method for resolution of disputes will have to be shifted from religion- based values to those values which would be imbibed from natural laws, that is, from the curriculum studied in the courses of Natural Sciences. The choice of natural laws was because the previous religion-based beliefs were difficult to find common acceptance in everyone, particularly, the atheist, the free-thinkers and their like. The robustly argued “right” was more convenient to be discovered from natural laws because of their universal applicability all over on the Earth and sometimes in Outer Space, than of religious beliefs, which kept shifting from one human society to another.

But, as the natural sciences focused more on bringing the understanding of complex and innumerous natural occurrences, it was failing to derive the moral values for the better medical health of human brain. As the episodes of neurotic killings, psychometric ill-health as an epidemic rose over the time, the scientist of neurology and psychology made a necessity-driven discovery of the need of spirituality, a constant pole-star for the human brain gyro-sphere to point to for its better functioning. Indeed, in the Theory of Multiple-Intelligence, ‘Spiritual Intelligence’ is being proposed as a new edition to the already seven recognized Intelligence categories. In my thinking, Spirituality is the key point whereby the Emotional Intelligence of a group of people, in commonality, points at, so that all people may be able to work in tandem. As is obvious enough again, the cogent Idea of Justice, which a social group needs to necessarily have for its own existence as a group or a Society, has to derived from the natural sciences and then schooled to man-child through the route of Spirituality, a job being previously being done by Religion derivates.

In practice, in the absence of active mechanism for bringing Spirituality to man-child, Religion has with reasonable success delivered the job. However, in the eastern sphere, as the idea of Secularism is not well understood, religion is severely subjected to fulfill the prevailing political needs. Religion has become a tool for gaining political power to control the people, in the east.

While the educationist are now beginning to wake up to the natural call for education in spirituality, under names such as Moral Education and Divine Edcuation, the consequential damage has already happened in the previous days of absence of Spiritual learning. The cogent idea of justice, the principle for deciding on what to trust and what to distrust, has taken a severe failure. Democratic Freedom, commonly understood as complete freedom to the extent of acting whimsical and arbitrary, almost forgetting the gregarious nature of man species, have shattered, both, the individual and the society that he belongs to. In fact damage has been both ways, where people unaware of the principles of peaceful co-existence, in laws enshrined as the Common Law, have created more cacophony and more of un-learned people. Many of these un-learned groups have however become successful ‘professionals’, who earn their livelihood through their intense learning in the pure and natural science.

The cacophony is so immense that problem has already been felt by lots of suffering groups, in facts all kinds of groups that one can think of, from School Students, to Teachers, parents, servicemen, politicians, media, right activist, poor, rich, gender groups, -- everyone. Yet, a diametric approach has remained elusive most times because of lack of interest in history and philosophy because of their un-wieldy -ness and reduced monetary benefits.

Saturday, February 11, 2012

Meaning of Complacency from ship manager's point of view

Meaning of Complacency from ship manager's point of view:
Until a few decades before, the business of sea carriage was availing a greater autonomy to the seamen due to underdeveloped means of communications. It was a commonplace to see poorer cargo care as the Specialisation in this was not so intense. Ships, in those days, were more a creation of an artist who made them to the best of living standards- grand and luxurious accommodation, meant to elevate the pains of a longing seafarer from his family in the rigours of green seas. Cargo care was not so significant because charters had no means, such as the communication technology of today, to know the condition of cargo every day, or the very instant reporting of suffering cargo damage. Ships had poor systems for cargo handling, less of proof-tested cargo gear, and in the era of general cargo ships, most ships would strive to load any cargo which came its way, to win the bread for the ship. The laws, too, were not so stringent to check the sophistications of cargo carriage.
As the wave of disastrous accidents surged on ocean surface, the laws found route to indent into the freedom of Seafarers. The new breed of seafarers which emerged in this era was the one who could help the ship managers achieve flexibility to load anything by making the ship look *compliant* with the laws. Those were the preferred seafarers by the ship managers.
That same breed of seamen has today reached the shore manager jobs. Complacency, incidentally, is an obsolete term for the word 'complisant' , meaning 'all abiding'
Further down the timeline, the noose of regulations tightened to check dishonesty, perjury, and falsification, the Seafarers have started to reduce occasions of violations of laws, both knowingly and unknowingly. the ship owners are taking affect of new trends of the business overall. The new breeds of sea going people are internet connected and like to discuss on the social networks how they rejected the unlawful propositions of their shrewd shipmanagers. They keep check on the course of law court decision which is slowly exposing to one and all to transparency demands paving in public governance. New Seafarers discuss how the wrong-doer is often left abandoned by his own team should the violation be detected by the governments; "He is made the scapegoat", they say. Only the actions and conviction stay the truest companion of man's deeds. This is the new age moral for corporate survival. In such a scenario, when a seafarer expresses his displeasure to do something not conforming to the law, the managers, who are ex-Seafarers from the previous era, charge him of complacency, summing to mean , "someone who has refused to work, has stopped working, has fulfilled compliance with all regulations as what his paper records portray, and therefore an undeserving seaman".

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Friday, February 10, 2012

Complacency and Seafarers

Perfection is a state which has never been awarded by almighty and neither been achieved by mankind. However a workable perfection, sometimes called 'Approximation', has often been achieved by man through a 'clever management'. Clever management can be described as a result of human intelligence and intellectualism. The GPS technology giving geographical positions to accuracy level in centimeters,the Law Court awarding death penalties, are a few example of what perfections can be achieved. Perfections in Ship operations management is no more a distant dream even when there cannot be a perfect ship and a perfect man. There can be a 'workable perfect' team of managers if the visions are correct. How much can the public governance be an exemption?
The understanding on the matter of Perfection has a role to play in understanding what is Hypocrisy, while we accuse of our incumbent governance system and our cultural values of having Hypocrisy. Plainly speaking, Hypocrisy is a lie, as observed in the law. Person 'A' is not a hypocrite if he promotes Prohibition of Alcohol even while *admiting* of himself as an Alcoholic. However, 'A' is a hypocrite if he promotes Prohibition while not publically accepting his own alcoholism. (additional note, how self-admission affect the matters of hypocrisy.) In matters of attending perfections, (e.g. the Ram-Rajya in governance, or, maybe a perfectly liberal state of Democracy), Hypocrisy is truely lying in refusing to attempt to achieve them for the reasons that perfections cannot be achieved, through a self-admission. Hypocrisy, in matters of achieving perfections, is not in attempting to achieve perfections while knowing that it cannot be achieved and still "(sort of) making fool of people" to work for something which can never be reached, the perfections. Here Belief holds superior to self-knowledge.Such is the irony of Hypocrisy perhaps because the social goal of governance has been set for infinity for 'conglomeration of people' to exist for such times.
Complacency is a situation where Perfections have been achieved and nothing more is required to be done to further perfect the system. In another shipboard training, Complacency is narrated as the Auto-pilot mode of life, comparable to a well-trained vehicle driver who as a result of mundane works of driving, becomes mechanical, thoughtless and therefore less safety-conscious. Seafarers are often cautioned to not become complacent which is to mean that they should not fall in belief of safety procedures being fully achieved, life being fully secured thus to grant luxury to work thoughtless, mechanically.
In religion, Complacency means 'inner tranquility'. The Buddhist faith strives to achieve the tranquility by elimination of all desires. Towards this interpretation, Complacency is a state that humans and religion aspire for.
Complacency however remains a managerial challenge and not an individual challenge. This is because the state of complacency in an individual arrives normally when he has achieved his state of workable perfections in his job. He has then reached his comfort zone of doing the task. Warnings of complacency, and methods to overcome it should not destroy his comfort zone. And at the same time self-knowledge cannot be full cure for the problem of human nature. Tiredness cannot be treated by merely informing that 'you are tired now'. So is boredom. In vehicle driving job, the constant reminders of safety procedures over Radio Channels mixed with soothing music serve to do overcome complacency.
In The study of accidents, the summary is that 'Most accidents are caused due to human error'. This managerial lesson and how it transforms ill-meaning on its application on Individual, is a case to study. With this report in their arms, many ship managers raised an alarm to their crew. When an accident happened, they would begin an exercise to find a man to put the human error on , because 'mostaccidents are caused by human error'. The story of complacency is not going any different route. To serves the needs of cut-throat business competetion (and evils walking-in, laws being secretly flouted), Managers get the seafarer to make papers to show all trainings are going well, the planned maintenance being fully achieved, and all legislations including the Rest hours being all achieved. Later, warn the sea farer of becoming complacency, And when accidents happen, to charge the seafarer of being complacent !! Obviously, what the ship managers imply is that "bloody Seafarers have stopped working", otherwise why else would every record would show a perfect compliance?
Complacency warning had effectively aimed to destroy the comfort zone of Seafarers, besides the issues of Leadership style, and the inter personal-relations.